By paying homage to the English and making the policy decision to become an English Vassal, the Welsh gain access to better armour and architectural knowledge. Welsh knights are therefore stronger and more durable in battle and, inspired by the English, fight better. Furthermore, the Welsh have learned to construct stone walls.
Available to: Wales
Researched at: Town Hall
In the mid-13th century one man managed to make himself ruler of most of Wales. In 1255 Llewellyn became king of Gwynedd. The Welsh kingdoms of Powys, Deheubarth and Glamorgan recognized Llewellyn as their lord. In 1267 King Henry III of England made the Treaty of Montgomery with Llewellyn. According to the treaty, Llewellyn was made Prince of Wales; however, he agreed to become the English king's vassal.
In 1272 Edward I became King of England. He was determined to rule all of Great Britain. Since Llewellyn was his vassal Edward summoned him to do homage.